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Entries and stops

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Регистриран на: 14 Юли 2005
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МнениеПуснато на: Съб Юли 23, 2005 11:51 am    Заглавие: Entries and stops Отговорете с цитат

Статията е за пазара на акции/индекси, но смятам, че има ценни идеи.

Taking entries and stops
By Toni Hansen

The subject of how to enter a trade or take a stop is often a confusing one for many of our new members. We use several rules to best minimize our risk. The following are several of the more basic ones you should know.
First of all, our entries and stops are based most often on significant support and resistance levels. As such, it is more important to focus on the support and resistance zones than a specific price. For entries and stops, we use "above" and "below" most often. This is because support and resistance can be tied to one number, but we want the zone of the support or resistance to break before entering. Thus, if we are looking for a buy over $20, then we would like to see at least $20.03 trading, if not $20.05. Also, at your entry you should let it trade the price you are looking at with more than just a few trades of small size. This is true even in cases where we say we are looking to enter AT or exit AT an exact price. One or two trades can be very random and won't show as much conviction as 4 or more. By waiting for several trades to go off at your price, it shows you that a panicked or greedy trader isn't the only one with interest.
Another rule of thumb: If you are using a trailing or adjusted stop and that stop hits coming into support (for a long) or resistance (for a short) then instead of taking the exact price, look to exit on a break in the support or resistance. This may cost you a few cents when it doesn't work, but at the very least, you are most likely to be able to get out on a bounce if it still looks like it will break, or it may keep you in for a profit. A very common time this will happen is with moving averages. It also happens a lot if your stop hits on an exhaustion bar. An exhaustion bar is a wide range bar occurring as a trend is nearing an end.
If you blow a stop or miss an entry, then revert back to logic. If a stock gaps against you at an entry or stop you need to use the gap rules which were emailed about a week ago and are in the member's area. Do not be ruled by fear, or greed.
When exiting a daytrade, we are looking to do so into support or resistance. Trailing stops are used when looking for more out of a trade, but while wanting to protect profits already built into a trade. They tend to be taken mainly on swingtrades, or on daytrades in which we were looking for more but didn't get it within the time expected. Common trailing stops on daytrades are on a break in a base's support or resistance, or a break in the 5 or 15 minute 20 sma. For a swingtrade, it is most advisable to keep the original stop for the first several days, switching then to a break in the 5 minute 200 sma and then to a break in the 15 minute 20 sma for trailing stops. You should use a 30 minute 20 sma if you look intraday and find the stock is one with a lot of overlap in prices from bar to bar and the 30 minute 20 sma holds better while the stock is trending. The longer you are in a trade, the tighter you can make the trailing stop. If you've been in a trade for 4 or more days for example, and it's been moving in your direction and then gaps in your favor, you can usually tighten the stop even more by placing it under 5 or 15 minute lows in the case of a long because the stock is often getting its last hurrah on such a move.
Use the above guidelines to best maximize your profits and minimize your losses and you'll find that there will be fewer and fewer times you will end up with the common complaint "Man! They tripped my stop and now look at it move!" You will also find yourself getting into fewer trades near highs and lows. Good luck and good trading!
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